In a speech in September 2008, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressed concern about the misuse of PIL: „Many will say that, as with so many things in public life, we may have gone too far with PIL. Maybe a fix was needed, and we`ve been restoring some balance lately. [Citation needed] In a possible instrument against frivolous PIL, the Union Ministry of Law and Justice (supported by Bhagwati and Iyer) has prepared a law to regulate PIL. In the past, the princely state of Jaipur got water from this river by building a canal, later this river turned into a dirty drain. There are over 160 pipe wells around. Those who give water to the city. There were infections in many tubular wells. The State Human Rights Commission took note of the transition to water in 2001. Our citizens` committee has become a party in this matter. And decided that the river should be brought in its original form. A committee of experts has been set up. In 2007, when no action was taken in this case, the River PIL was introduced.
Many buildings were destroyed and currently the river is 48 km long. Influential people bought land at the expense of the kodis of poor accountants in the river and failed to restore the original width of the river. The current width is 210 feet. Later, Tata projects worked on Dravyavati River rejuvenation projects with the Jaipur Development Authority. Rapid urbanization over the past 3-4 decades, coupled with creeping encroachments on the river basin and its watersheds, as well as the discharge of sewage, industrial wastewater and solid waste, has turned this once intact river into a nallah. As part of the first river rejuvenation activity of its kind, the Dravyavati River project will monitor the dampening of 170 MLD of polluted water and erect more than 100 waterfall structures to transform this rain-side river into a perennial river. With more than 18,000 trees planted and 65,000 square meters of green space developed as part of this project, the banks of the Dravyavati River will soon become a bait for people looking for solitude or refreshment in the city.  A controversial study by sociologist Hans Dembowski concluded that PIL had succeeded in holding official authorities accountable to NGOs. Although Dembowski also found some effect at the local level, PIL cases dealing with major environmental complaints in the Kolkata urban agglomeration did not address the underlying issues (such as inadequate urban planning). Dembovsk wrote about this in his book Taking the State to Supreme Court – Public Interest Litigation and the Public Sphere in Metropolitan India, originally published by Oxford University Press in 2001. However, the publisher stopped distribution for ignoring legal proceedings initiated by the Calcutta Supreme Court. The author, who claimed to have never been officially informed by the court, published the book online at the German NGO Asia House.
  A PIL can be filed against the state government, the central government, the local authority and not against a private party. However, an individual may be admitted to the PIL as a „defendant” after dealing with the authority of the State. specifically. a private plant in Mumbai that causes pollution, and then a legal dispute in the public interest can be filed against the Government of Mumbai, the central authority for pollution of the state, including the private plant in Mumbai.  The Centre for Law and Policy Research, Bangalore (CLPR) hosts a public interest lawyer centre where resources for PIL are available. The scenario gradually changed in the period following the emergency. As a result, the Supreme Court has addressed the problem of the judiciary by making sweeping changes to the requirement of standing to file an application. The great efforts of Judge Krishna Iyer and Judge P.N. Bhagwati were instrumental in the legal revolution of the 1980s to transform the Supreme Court of India into the Supreme Court for all Indians.
Public interest law is institutionalized in the United States. Non-governmental organizations that work to promote and protect human rights using the U.S. legal system, fight to protect the environment, or defend consumers call themselves public interest organizations. A large community of lawyers practices public interest law in the form of free legal aid to those who cannot afford it. However, the sad reality remains that lawyers are underpaid and heavily overworked and offer superficial representation.  Clinical legal education, which is well established in the United States, provides law students with the opportunity to do practical legal work on fundamental legal issues as well as more complex issues of public interest such as women`s rights, anti-discrimination laws, constitutional rights, and environmental protection. Some law schools have public interest law centres that advise law students interested in a career in the public interest. Pro bono programs at law societies and law firms offer business lawyers the opportunity to donate their time to activities of public interest.  „At this time, it should be clear and obvious that this court does not approve of any approach that would encourage motions for strange motives based on savage and reckless accusations of individuals, that is, occupied bodies,” noted a bank of judges B. Sudershan Reddy and S.
S. Nijjar in their judgment. The bank overturned an April 2010 ruling by the Supreme Court of Andhra Pradesh cancelling the services of a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) official employed at the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. The Supreme Court`s decision concerned a public interest petition filed by S. Mangati Gopal Reddy, who claimed in court that the former IPS officer was involved in the loss of „$300 worth of gold” from the temple and should not remain in office. The Supreme Court concluded that the Supreme Court ruled against the defendant with little information about Reddy himself. Council For Environment Legal Action vs Union Of India – (1996)5 SCC281: Public interest litigation filed by a registered voluntary organization regarding economic degradation in coastal areas. The Supreme Court has issued appropriate orders and instructions to enforce laws protecting ecology. Public Interest Litigation (PIL) refers to litigation conducted to protect the public interest and shows the availability of justice for socially disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Judge P.
N. Bhagwati. This is a relaxation of the traditional rule of locus standi. Prior to the 1980s [When?], the judiciary and the Supreme Court of India dealt only with disputes brought by parties directly or indirectly affected by the defendant. It has heard and decided cases only within its original jurisdiction and its appellate jurisdiction. However, the Supreme Court has begun to allow cases [when?] due to public interest disputes, meaning that even people who are not directly involved in the case can take matters of public interest to court. It is the privilege of the court to deal with pila`s application. Pil is a legal standard declared by registered courts. However, the person (or organization) making the application must prove to the satisfaction of the court that the application is in the public interest and that it is not brought as a frivolous lawsuit for financial gain.
India`s 38th Chief Justice, H.H. Kapadia, said significant „fines” would be imposed on litigants filing frivolous PILs. His statement was widely praised because the frequency of frivolous PIL for monetary interest rates was on the rise. [Citation needed] A Supreme Court bank had also expressed concern about the misuse of PIL. The bank has published a set of guidelines that all courts in the country should follow when holding PIL. [Citation needed] Hong Kong law schools also run various programs to promote the idea of a pro bono legal service for students.  The pro bono committees of Hong Kong law firms also meet every two months at the Hong Kong Legal Community Roundtable, a forum for international law firms, to discuss the development of pro bono work in Hong Kong and the region.  Since the 1960s/70s, the level of government funding has declined and the type of work that LSC-funded organizations can do has been limited. In 1996, the Omnibus Consolidated Rescissions and Appropriations Act prohibited LSC funds for programs that „dealt with redistribution, lobbying, class actions, training for political activities, activities to reform federal or state welfare systems, abortion or prison disputes,” and the collection of attorneys` fees.  These restrictions make publicly funded organizations more vulnerable to policy changes because the government exercises significant control over LSC-funded organizations.  Over time, in the mid-1990s, the United States became. .