In Which Year Naga Framework Agreement Was Signed

The NSCN said it had so far refrained from publishing the agreement, which respects „the tacit agreement between the two sides not to disclose to the public for reasons of India`s security.” It was said that Mr. Ravi had taken unfair advantage of this and had begun to modify and manipulate the agreement to deceive the Nagas and the Centre. Interestingly, other Naga groups had now signed a nine-point agreement – in June 1947 – known as Naga-Akbar Hyderi (then governor of Assam). Phizo refused. In a referendum in 1951, Phizo claimed 99% support for a „sovereign Naga state.” The Indian state has been negotiating with the Naga rebels since 1997, but made a breakthrough in 2015 when they signed a framework agreement with the NSCN (IM) and another agreement with the NNPG in 2017. So far, however, no final agreement has been reached. Another obstacle in the talks was that smaller groups such as the Naga National Political Group (NNPG) were strengthened during the Ravi period, much to the chagrin of the NSCN (IM). „Dividing the groups was a strategy, but it provoked the main groups and they stayed away from the talks,” a source said. „But this has now been clarified and we are back on the table for discussions, although there is still no clarity on when we can conclude the agreement.” Phizo groups agreed to give up arms under the Shillong Agreement, but this led to the birth of the NSCN under Thuingaleng Muivah, which was in China at the time of the agreement and received support from the communist regime. Given that all previous agreements on the Naga political issue had failed – the 9-point agreement of 1947, the 16-point agreement of 1960 and the Shillong agreement of 1975 – all eyes are now on the success of the framework agreement. Cracks in the Naga unit over the past six years have contributed to the problems.

Following the signing of the framework agreement with the NSC(IM) on August 3, 2015, the government set up at least two forums to continue discussions with the Naga groups. The NSCN asked the Centre to commit to ensuring that the framework agreement in its original form is still in force and „managed by someone other than RN Ravi” who is sensitive enough to understand and respect what has been achieved over the past 23 years. As of October 2020, the final agreement had not taken place and differences arose as a result of the NSCN`s (IM) request for a special flag, constitution and larger Nagalim, which delayed and tired the discussion process. The three factors blocking the deal are the constitution, flag and merger of parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur bordering Nagaland to form a larger Nagalim. In their initial demands, they also insisted on merging parts of Myanmar with Nagalim – an impossibility. In his Independence Day address to the people of Nagaland on August 14, Muivah briefly traced the history of the Naga movement, stating that „the framework agreement recognizes the sovereignty of the Naga.” He further stated unequivocally that „the Nagas will coexist with India, which shares sovereign powers as agreed. But they will not merge with India. On 3 August, the NSCN(IM) and the United Norwegian Council issued several calls to reaffirm their support for the framework agreement. Liz Mathew has worked in journalism for 23 years and reports on national politics. Have.

„The FA was signed in 2015 when the special status of Jammu and Kashmir existed – a state with a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over internal administration was there,” the government source said. „But the situation changed after August 5, 2019. Now, the center cannot accept such a request. Muivah reportedly hardened his position on a separate constitution and shared sovereignty by arguing that if India`s constitution prevailed in the agreement, Nagaland`s special status could be lost in the future. The framework agreement was a new attempt, after more than two decades of political negotiations between India and Naga, to find a credible and lasting solution to the decades-long uprising and to find common ground for the political rights of the Naga people, which calls for a greater Nagalim. But a shadow of distrust took hold of her. In 2015, when Narendra Modi`s government was firmly in power and Prime Minister Modi lobbied for a speedy resolution of the dispute, a framework agreement was signed that set the stage for the ongoing peace talks. Five years ago, the framework agreement between the Indian government and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isaac-Muivah) was signed with great fanfare. This was done in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and NSCN (I-M) Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah with R N Ravi, the interlocutor who signed the agreement on behalf of the Union Government. It was hailed as a „historic” agreement to usher in an era of peace and tranquility in a region rocked by violence for nearly five decades. The NSCN-IM, one of Naga`s largest groups, signed a framework agreement on August 3, 2015 to end this decades-old problem. Mr Ravi signed the agreement on behalf of the Centre in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The other two signatories were Isak Chishi Swu, who died in 2016, and Thuingaleng Muivah, 86, who is leading the talks. This follows a copy of the 2015 agreement allegedly circulated by Ravi among some Naga civil society groups. The NSCN`s IM faction said Ravi had optimized the 2015 framework agreement itself. In 1997, the NSCN(I-M) signed a ceasefire agreement with the government. [3] The agreement guaranteed that while the government would not push for counterinsurgency operations against NSCN (I-M) cadres and its leaders, the rebels would not target the armed forces. Ravi signed a preamble with the NNPG in November 2017, making it part of the decades-long peace deal. The framework agreement, issued as part of a detailed NSCN-IM press release on Tuesday, states: „Both sides have understood each other`s respective positions and are aware of the universal principle that in a democracy sovereignty belongs to the people. As a result, the government. India and the NSCN, which respects the people`s wishes for a division of sovereign power as defined in the competences, were agreed on 3 August 2015 as an honourable solution. On August 14, 1947, the Naga National Council (NNC), led by Angami Zapu, declared Phizo Nagaland an independent state. Phizo also formed an underground Naga Federal Government (NFG) and a Naga Federal Army (NFA) in 1952, which sought to crush the Indian government by sending the army to Nagaland and enacting the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA). The Naga conflict is rooted in the year-old Naga nationalism, after which many Naga groups demanded an independent Nagaland.

On August 14, 1947, the NCC of the Naga National Council under the leadership of Angami Zapu declared Nagaland independent. The flag and the constitution are important for the final agreement. The Nagas have their own flag and constitution and it is up to the government to recognize them as they are „the symbols of the Naga nation,” according to Muivah. With the repeal of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, which deprives the state of its constitution and flag, the task of the centre has become difficult. Nagaland also enjoys special privileges such as Kashmir under Article 371(A). In a way, this is a threat to the 2015 peace agreement or the framework agreement signed between the Modi government and the NSCN (IM). .

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